Growing Walnut Trees Not only do walnut trees give us a nutritious and delicious nut, but they are also known for producing high quality wood. The large, beautifully arched branches of these trees provide plenty of shade on hot days. Instructions for Growing Of Walnuts The majority of walnut trees that are grown in the U.S. are up 50 feet tall or taller, and are of uniform width. Nuts and shade are the most common reasons for growing walnut trees, with English and Persian black varieties the most popular in the U.S. 50 to 80 pounds of nuts is the average annual production capacity of a mature tree. The Persian walnut tree has large nuts and is the most common variety grown in California. The cultivars found in California are Chandler, Ashley, Pedro, Serr Vina, Tehama, Hartley and Sunland. To avoid the walnut blight, all these cultivars leaf out late in spring. Persian walnuts have evolved to survive in Mediterranean climates that have mild winters, which means they may not be suitable in some regions. To grow walnuts, you need between 140 and 150 days every year where the temperatures are between -2 and -6 C (27 and 29 F).
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Planting Walnut Trees
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After you select the type of walnut you want, you need to plant the tree. To avoid competition for water and nutrients with weeds, grass and other plants, till approximately 12 square feet up to a depth of about 10 inches. Dig a hole roughly 1 or 2 inches wider than your seedling’s root ball. Put your walnut seedling in the hole you dug up to a similar depth to the pot or bury its roots between 1 and 2 inches beneath the ground. Tamp down after filling out the hole to eliminate air pockets that may exist around the roots. Water your seedling until the ground is moist, avoiding soaking. Care for Walnut Trees Unless there is drying out of the top two inches of the soil, there is no need to constantly water your walnut seedling thanks to the plant’s extensive network of roots. As the tree matures, it is only necessary to prune damaged or dead limbs. Each spring, add mulch as required. Harvest of Walnuts Patience is vital when growing walnuts. A walnut tree does not produce nuts until it is about 10 years old, with its production at a peak when it is around 30 years old. What are the signs that the walnuts are ready for harvest? Harvesting of Persian walnuts is carried out when the seed coat turns light tan. A limb shaker that has a window for collection of nuts is the most common harvesting tool used by commercial walnut producers depending on the tree’s size. Home growers often simply shake the trees and collect the nuts as they fall.

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